L1MessagesHasher PI



pub struct LinearHasherInputData<F: SmallField> {
    pub queue_state: QueueState<F, QUEUE_STATE_WIDTH>,



pub struct LinearHasherOutputData<F: SmallField> {
    pub keccak256_hash: [UInt8<F>; 32],

FSM Input and FSM Output

() // this circuit has big capacity, so we don't need several instances

Main circuit logic

It takes a queue of L1 messages and hash everything with keccak.

The main logic is implemented in linear_hasher_entry_point function here.

It can be spited into 3 parts:

First part


Firstly, we allocate the “input” part of PI (start flag, Input and FSM Input):

let mut structured_input =
    LinearHasherInputOutput::alloc_ignoring_outputs(cs, closed_form_input.clone());

let start_flag = structured_input.start_flag;
let queue_state_from_input = structured_input.observable_input.queue_state;

let mut queue = StorageLogQueue::<F, R>::from_state(cs, queue_state_from_input);
let queue_witness = CircuitQueueWitness::from_inner_witness(queue_witness);
queue.witness = Arc::new(queue_witness);

Also, we do some checks for them and allocate empty hash state:

let keccak_accumulator_state =
    [[[zero_u8; keccak256::BYTES_PER_WORD]; keccak256::LANE_WIDTH]; keccak256::LANE_WIDTH];

let mut keccak_accumulator_state =
    keccak_accumulator_state.map(|el| el.map(|el| el.map(|el| el.get_variable())));

Main part


This part is the main one. We run a loop with some limit, where on each iteration we try to pop the next element from the queue, if it’s not empty.

let queue_is_empty = queue.is_empty(cs);
let should_pop = queue_is_empty.negated(cs);

let (storage_log, _) = queue.pop_front(cs, should_pop);

Then we absorb it to the buffer, and if it’s full we run a round function.

if buffer.len() >= 136 {
    let buffer_for_round: [UInt8<F>; KECCAK_RATE_BYTES] = buffer[..136].try_into().unwrap();
    let buffer_for_round = buffer_for_round.map(|el| el.get_variable());
    let carry_on = buffer[136..].to_vec();

    buffer = carry_on;

    // absorb if we are not done yet
        &mut keccak_accumulator_state,

If this element was the last one, we create a padding and run a round function.

if tail_len == KECCAK_RATE_BYTES - 1 {
    // unreachable, but we set it for completeness
    last_round_buffer[tail_len] = UInt8::allocated_constant(cs, 0x81);
} else {
    last_round_buffer[tail_len] = UInt8::allocated_constant(cs, 0x01);
    last_round_buffer[KECCAK_RATE_BYTES - 1] = UInt8::allocated_constant(cs, 0x80);

let last_round_buffer = last_round_buffer.map(|el| el.get_variable());

// absorb if it's the last round
    &mut keccak_accumulator_state,

Final part


Firstly, we verify that the queue is empty now.

let completed = queue.is_empty(cs);
Boolean::enforce_equal(cs, &completed, &boolean_true);

Then we compute the final hash and create an output.

// squeeze
let mut keccak256_hash = [MaybeUninit::<UInt8<F>>::uninit(); keccak256::KECCAK256_DIGEST_SIZE];
for (i, dst) in keccak256_hash.array_chunks_mut::<8>().enumerate() {
    for (dst, src) in dst.iter_mut().zip(keccak_accumulator_state[i][0].iter()) {
        let tmp = unsafe { UInt8::from_variable_unchecked(*src) };

let mut observable_output = LinearHasherOutputData::placeholder(cs);
observable_output.keccak256_hash = keccak256_hash;

Finally, we compute a commitment to PI and allocate it as witness variables.

let input_commitment = commit_variable_length_encodable_item(cs, &compact_form, round_function);
for el in input_commitment.iter() {
    let gate = PublicInputGate::new(el.get_variable());

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